If you are a Magento 1.x store owner you should prepare for the day when Magento will end the support for all its 1.x versions. The e-commerce era where Magento 1 was all the rage is going to reach its conclusion and the world will move on to the Magento 2 platform. Even though Magento 2 has been available since 2015, there have been users who resisted migrating to the upgraded Magento 2 version and continued using the old Magento 1 version.
Why You Need to Start Migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2?
When Magento decides to stop supporting Magento 1.x:
- Security patches will no longer be provided for the Magento 1.x versions. No more security updates for the website would mean leaving it vulnerable to all types of security threats, breaches, harmful attacks, and hacks. Furthermore, customers find comfort in shopping at a safe and secure website. Lack of appropriate security on your website can make customers lose trust and confidence in your brand and give up shopping from you altogether.
What to Consider Before Migrating to Magento 2?
Migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2 takes some time and work. The design and architecture of Magento 2 is entirely different from Magento 1. Depending on the complexity and customization of your current Magento 1 store, the process can range from being easy to difficult. That being said, there are plenty of tools and help available to make the migration as smooth as possible. Before you take the plunge, though, there are a few things that you should consider such as:
Analysis of Your Existing Website
Do a thorough evaluation of your current Magento 1 website from a functional perspective. How many custom codes and 3rd party extensions are installed in the website now? What functionalities do these modules offer and are they actively used in your website operations?
This evaluation is necessary, since Magento 2 currently doesn’t support all of the 3rd party extensions that were supported by Magento 1. So you’ll need to check whether the extensions and custom modules that you’re currently using are compatible with Magento 2 or not. The evaluation is also your chance to decide what you need to keep on or remove from the new website.
Scope Planning for New Website
This is where you define the functional scope for your new Magento 2 website. As you filter out the outdated features you can also think about incorporating newer, more advanced features into the system, either in present or in future.
Review of Hosting Solution
To ensure that your new website runs fast and efficient, check that the current web server hosting your website is equipped well enough to support the hardware resources and requirements for a Magento 2 website. In case it’s not, you should consider switching to a new hosting solution provider.
Cloning and Backing Up
Create extensive backups for your Magento 1 e-commerce store before you initiate the migration process. This includes backing up files, database, folders, etc. Database backup is particularly important because you don’t want to permanently lose critical data amidst the migration process. Create a robust database duplicate and then prune the duplicate to remove any unimportant data that’s no longer needed. Also, you shouldn’t use your live store for the migration process, instead clone your current Magento 1 store and use this clone for migration.
Planning the Team and Resources
When you’ve taken care of all the technical aspects, it’s time to look into the administrative and financial aspects of your Magento migration. This includes building a dedicated team that’s going to look after the migration process and anticipating the costs that are likely to be incurred by this process. For instance, your present licenses for extensions in Magento 1.x website won’t be valid for the new Magento 2 application. You’ll need to reacquire those licenses if you want to keep using the extensions on the Magento 2 website. This will certainly add on to your project expenses.
The 4 Important Parts of Migration to Magento 2
Migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2 comprises of four integral components:
- Theme Migration
- Extenson Migration
- Customization Migraton
- Data Migration
Let’s talk about each of these in more detail:
The theme forms the environment of your website. As much as you may love your website’s current environment, you might not be able to replicate it exactly on your Magento 2 website because themes from Magento 1 can’t be migrated directly to Magento 2. But this isn’t bad, in fact, it’s an opportunity to upgrade the look and feel of your website using the amazing tools and methods offered by Magento 2. You can hire the services of a Magento developer to create a new customized Magento 2 theme for you, or you can ask them to modify the current Magento 1 theme, only to make it compatible with Magento 2 platform. You can also just use one of the many readily available Magento 2 themes from Magento Marketplace.
Extensions are a way to extend the functionality of your website in different ways, and as such, are very important. Most of the Magento 1 extensions are not compatible with the Magento 2 platform. You can check Magento Marketplace to install Magento 2 extensions that serve your website.
The custom code used in Magento 1 is, for the most part, workable with Magento 2. Use the Code Migration Toolkit provided by Magento to ensure a successful migration of the custom code. Since Magento 1 and Magento 2 platforms are fundamentally different when it comes down to the structure, migrating and integrating the custom code in the new Magento 2 platform may require some extra work.
Last, but definitely not the least, comes the stage where you migrate all your data and settings to Magento 2 platform, including store configurations, customers data, products data, product categories data, orders data, etc. The Data Migration Tool by Magento makes the data migration process very simple and streamlined.